Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the blood vessel walls with the beating of your heart. As the blood moves through the vessels, supplying oxygen and nutrients to the body, it pushes against the sides of the blood vessels. The strength of the pushing is measured as blood pressure. If the blood pressure here is too high against the vessel walls, they may rupture and cause internal bleeding. Maintaining proper blood pressure is an important part of good health.
When measuring blood pressure, the terms systolic and diastolic are used. Systolic pressure is the top number and diastolic is the bottom number when you get your blood pressure read. The systolic pressure is the highest number and occurs as the heart beats. The diastolic pressure is the lowest number and represents the heart as it rests between beats.
People with high blood pressure have nearly double the risk for heart attack or stroke as people who keep their blood pressure within normal range. Recently, high blood pressure has also been linked to some forms of dementia with advancing age. High blood pressure can also affect kidneys and cause kidney disease. Peripheral artery disease is also caused by high blood pressure. The chances for complications are increased if one has high cholesterol or diabetes.
Maintaining proper blood pressure is essential for good health and there are several things that you can do to help maintain your blood pressure at a safe and healthy level. The first is to get your blood pressure checked by a physician or healthcare provider on a regular basis. Many people do not have obvious symptoms of high blood pressure until serious complications develop. Because you do not know that you have a, you get your blood pressure checked as a part of regular health screenings. If your doctor finds that your blood pressure is high, he may prescribe certain lifestyle changes, or put you on medication if it cannot be brought under control.
Living a lifestyle that is unhealthy will raise your blood pressure over time. As blood pressure rises higher, your chance of stroke or heart attack increases. Certain lifestyle changes can help to reduce your blood pressure and the risk of heart attack or stroke. One of these lifestyle changes is avoiding salt. We get enough salt from the foods that we naturally and have no need to add it. Eating more fruits and vegetables also lowers blood pressure. Maintaining a proper weight is also important, as is increasing your activity during the day. Alcohol consumption can also raise your blood pressure. It is recommended that you get 30 minutes of exercise five times a week to maintain a healthy weight and to lower your blood pressure.
A strong heart is a happy heart. Maintaining proper blood pressure is one of the best things that you can do to maintain your health. Fortunately, there are many things that you can do that will lower blood pressure and help you to achieve your health goals. When it comes to blood pressure, preventing problems is much easier than fixing them if they are allowed to develop.